When Did Photography Become An Art Form?

Since the dawn of time, humanity has searched for ways to express the world around them in visual form. Sculptors like Praxiteles, Auguste Rodin, Michelangelo and the unknown artist who crafted the Venus de Milo have filled the art history books. Painters, such a Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet and Salvador Dali, have their works in hundreds of museums and on the walls of private collectors.

Although the question of whether photography is an art form is still half-heartedly debated by some, and has been since the 16th century, many photographers have joined the ranks of famous artists. Several photographs, framed or enlarged, black and white or color, now populate the walls and museums of the world. However, only in the past century or so has photography been recognized as any kind of art, much less fine art.

Originally, photography was the “unwanted stepchild” of the arts, a poor relation to drawing and painting. Because of the camera’s mechanical nature, say the detractors, it doesn’t require any real skill. The need for hand to eye coordination is minimal, the subject of the photograph comes “ready-made” and the photographer doesn’t need to be creative or imaginative. In short, a monkey could do it.

Considered an industrial art or a documentary device, the medium still caused much consternation amongst the artists of other mediums. Many were afraid that photography would cause the loss of livelihood. Others saw a disintegration of the arts, distorted by the photographic lens.

So what changed? The art world met Peter Henry Emerson. A photographer himself, Emerson believed that, if a photograph brought “aesthetic pleasure to the viewer”, it was art. No matter how it came into being. In 1889, he founded a fine-art photography movement, calling it “naturalistic” photography.

George Davison and Horsley Hinton, along with Emerson, wrote many pieces claiming that their chosen art was not just a method of documenting and recording. In addition to the common uses, they suggested, photographs could be pictorial in nature, selected for their appeal and beauty.

Around 1892, pictorial photography became accepted throughout the world, vindicating many who had argued for the medium to be included under “art”. That same year, Alfred Stieglitz begged photographers in America to bring art photography to the country. In 1897, America embraced the first pictorial exhibit in Philadelphia and has accepted as an art form ever since.

Once acceptance was garnered, photographers began cropping up everywhere. All you really needed was to own a camera and a good eye. For instance, the “father of photojournalism”, Alfred Eisenstaedt, started taking photos at the young age of 14. He sold his first photograph in 1927 and had never had any training – just a good eye and a camera. His unstaged photographs, taken in the spur of a moment, have delighted and amazed viewers since 1928.

Throughout his entire career, Eisenstaedt never put aside the “amateurish” sense of adventure. He never felt the need to overburden himself with unnecessary equipment, and carried out his photojournalistic assignments merely by catching events at the right time.

Ansel Adams, whose landscape photography graces many walls, calendars and book pages, is another example. Although he had trained to become a concert pianist, a trip to Yosemite National Park and a Kodak Brownie box camera began a new era for Adams. From 17 until his death in 1984, he dedicated his life, an extensive array of fine art photography and music to the beauty of nature and the need to preserve the natural world’s wonders and resources.

Whether art or science, one cannot look upon the works of Ansel Adams, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Anne Geddes, Dorothea Lange, Edward Curtis and many others without feeling at least a small sense of awe. If a picture truly says a thousand words, their voices will be heard for many years to come.

How To Sell Photos Online To People Who Will Pay You Well

These days, more and more people want to learn how to sell photos online. They wonder about what it takes to succeed. They want to know if they can make enough extra cash from this kind of income generating opportunity. The simple answer to all your thoughts is that yes, you can make money this method.

Many folks have a great wish to earn cash from the different photographs they have taken. Why squander a chance to earn extra cash? Why leave cash on the table which could easily be yours? Just before you remove that photograph you took some time back, think twice. You might just be deleting a chance to earn money.

Most folks are literarily giving up money. They could be earning much more than they are presently doing. The business method of making money by selling photographs has become very profitable and realy advanced. Those who profit from it are always on the look out for great information about how to make money from this concept.

The types of photographs being sold are quite huge. Gone are the days when just some categories of photographs were accepted. Learning how to sell photos online is therefore an important step to take.

I know this is for sure because I’m involved in this myself. I make money from the comfort of my home. While others go through the stress of commuting to work, I step outside my house, take some pictures with my cheap digital camera, and sell them off online within hours. What could be easier then this?

I try as much as possible to take good quality pictures but what really matters here is knowing where to sell the pictures. Learning how to sell photos online, starts with acquiring enough information about ‘good’ photo buyers. Its almost impossible to foresee which picture would do most excellently. The important thing here is that you can get a lot of pictures sold. This greatly increases your chances of making adequate cash from selling photographs.

The print and media society we now live in, demands for more and more categories of pictures. You may either choose to concentrate on a chosen niche or you could concentrate on taking various categories of pictures. The choice is really yours. Both ways have advantages and disadvantages. Most people feel concentrating on a niche brings out better pictures for them. If thats what you want, then its ok.

Try and concentrate on taking good quality photographs. I’m not saying you have to be an expert or have the most wonderful of all photography tools. Don’t stress yourself too much about this because most times the nicest shots come up when you least expect it. Good photo buyers will pay you top dollars for your images.

When you have a list of the type of buyers I have, you just can’t fail. This is what learning how to sell photos online is all about. You need to be very serious and treat this as a business. If that means spending money to get the information you need, then do it.

The important thing is that you start doing something immediately about this wonderful cash earning opportunity. One of the biggest problems I had while starting was the fact that I wasn’t sure of myself and if I would make enough money from this.

I simply continued procrastinating and ended up wasting time and doing nothing. Studies show that only about 2 out of every 10 people reading this information will actually take action to start earning money from this simple method, within the next few hours. The question is, will you be one of those two who realizes that its time to make money from this method?

Learning how to sell photos online without adequate information about how to find good paying buyers, will seriously affect your chances of making money selling photographs. Select buyers carefully, and try to avoid those who are simply middlemen to the ‘real’ buyers.

Photo restoration, photo repair, antique photo restoration , photo restoration services at its best

Let aging photos not fade your favorite memories. It could be your favorite old photo that got damaged, aged or simply the acid content in the paper, a photo that got stuck to the frame, exposure to elements- fading, a playful kid (or grown up), physical damage when you moved homes or those darn silverfish which just feed on your family treasures. We can restore the image to its original glory or improve on it. The result is archival quality and memories that can be preserved for years to come. All we need is a good quality scan – 300 dpi is a good start.

***Try these services by going to www.Fireia.com – get a FREE preview of your restored photo – Rush, this is a limited period offer

Restore photos, Remove stains, Remove tears, dirt, Restoring damages, scratches, water damage, fading, frame – album glue damage, Loss of pigments, Loss of chemical coats, Silver fish damage, Fire or smoke partial damage, intensive denoising, Photographic corrections, deconvulation, Restore with customer borders, make portraits, Restore to water color, oil painting or pastel shades, Bringing back moldy, torn, cracked or folded images, despeckling, Repairing color discoloration, Repairing minor shake, Repairing bad lighting and more.

Convert a B and W, sepia tone or a color tone print to a modern day color photo. We’ll work closely with you to ensure that your near and dear ones and even that tree or car in the background got the right color. We stay loyal to the original image and get the details from you. We do not want your grand dad in a green shirt if that is the color he hates. Or your old maroon Ford now painted yellow. Of course, the choice is yours; why not surprise your near dear ones with new photo gift ideas this holiday season? Colorize photos, photo repair software, repair old photos and colorize, black and white photo colorization, photo etching and colorize, classic photo colorize – you name it and Fireia Imaging services will do it

Black and white to color, color to black and white, sepia tone conversions, Digital hand coloring, color adjustments, Color balancing, Color tones, Color tints, Color matching, Color sequencing, Selective tints, Splash of color, Artistic imagination, New color schemes, Modernization, Duo tones, Tritones, 4 colors, Contrast themes, Color ageing, Poster – colors, Portrait – colors, Resequence to formal colors, Resequence to casual colors, Resequence to fit a custom theme or an event, Glossy to matte finish or vice versa, Correction of color shifts and more.

When a part of the image is damaged beyond repair or, worse, just missing we can try and reconstruct that part back in the frame. Given a reference image or adequate additional information, we can help reconstruct some of the intricate portions of an image. Restore precious memories to pristine glory. Get set, this holiday season thrill your family with personalized photo gifts from restored and improved old family photos.

Reconstruction of pictures, reconstruction of photos, reconstruction of images – what ever be the source, Fireia imaging services will take care of your reconstruction and photo restored to its pristine glory. Rework damaged or lost part of an image, extreme restoration, torn up photo with some portions missing, fire damaged, reconstruction of facial damage using a reference image, rework portions of the image to replace existing.

Could not make it to your daughter’s grad picture or, you just do not seem to have a good picture of your grad mom and her best friend from school? Get some creative tricks. How about that one classmate in that group picture you would like to black out? How about your own image with a retro twist? The tattoo, the braces, the stain, the eye that drooped – we’ll work that in to perfection. Add more, a border of choice, a caption, a stunning background, or the image made into a greeting card. What can be a better surprise vacation, graduation, or holiday season gift than photo makeover with creative tricks?

Software technology enabled restoration and retouching, DIRT optimized retouching, retouch or retouche images, photos, art and more. Put Fireia Imaging services’ Photograph and picture retouching services to good use and dazzle your friends and family. Resize, Crop or trim any part of the photo, Cropping for a target print, Brighten, Lighten, Darken, Contrast adjustments and balancing, Red Eye repair, Whiten teeth, Sharpen image, Adjust colors, Tonal – Color – Contrast curves, Brushing, Blurring, Sharpening, Smudging, Fetching, Healing, Dodging, Burning, Stamping, Sponging, De-blurring, Minor focus improvement, De-focusing, Noise reduction, Design with noise addition, Ageing, Blending, Distorting, Liquefying, Extracting, Level adjusting, Channel mixing, Shadow adjustments, Highlight adjustment, Fixing of clipped highlights, Add edit, or remove, caption or text, Add texture and more.

If you are an avid (or not so avid) photographer and would like for your images to be printed at top quality, try a round of digital image retouching and enjoy the difference. It can simple yet fine Tone Color Contrast adjustments to make an ordinary image look super. What more, variety of file formats for your photo printer to get the best results.

Photo makeover, using state of the art photoshop makeover, photo makeover with DIRT – be it extreme makeover of your photos and images or just a quick makeover, Fireia Imaging services’ makeover specialists are on ready. Remove or smoothen wrinkles, Remove braces, scars, spots, tattoos, moles and other blemishes, Add and remove hair, Change hair color, eye color, clothing color, Beauty makeovers, Add a beauty spot (like a popular personality), Hollywood glamorization, Change hairstyles and hair do’s, Edit photo facial expressions (bring a smile on), Change lighting and mood of the photograph, Change the background or scenery, Relocate an image (from indoors to outdoors for example) Change color or patterns for objects in the background, Remove patterns or textures from the image, Superimpose two images, Add or remove people from a frame, Add or remove objects from a page, Add or remove a cap, hair band, jewelry or accessory, Clothing and cosmetics makeover, Fit to an event or a theme and more.

User experiences:
This photo was taken by dad as an amateur photographer. I wanted to surprise him on his 57th and got colors done. The Fireia ‘advanced instructions’ helped me square out each fine detail. He was truly impressed by the detailing. Great feature.
My grandparents were very upset that our dog tore up their wedding photo (accidentally). I got Fireia restoration, enhanced image quality, added an artistic border, and gave them a quality print.
Stephanie and I met at the annual scouts’ day in Toronto. We always missed our picture together in the uniforms from this meet. I uploaded some of our pictures from school and got Fireia Makeover. She beamed I got her the best anniversary gift ever.
Our gang of friends won the tug of war in Oktoberfest in the late 70s. You know how all that goes, the photo was ‘shaky’. My daughter got me restoration large print, and it looked great.
It was summer 1944 and trousers for ladies were catching on. Our photo of my grandmother, on her first pair of trousers, got water damaged. I shopped around for someone who could restore and retain the charm.
Our new branch was doing well and the big man was stopping by for Halloween. It was fun and frolic and group photos happened. We got a few ‘makeover’ done as the group in Pirates of the Caribbean theme. Everybody loved it.
We are starting a photo gallery in our town house. We raided all the cellars and got out the shoe boxes – what was disappointing with the considerable silver fish damage turned to joy when we saw the first restored samples came out. Thorough job.
My friends’ wedding was organized in a rush – and I was the best photographer around. Sadly, the photos did not have the best of lighting and there were grains. Well, I got DIRT Masters to retouch the images and the prints came out as good as professional.
I had a rather bold tattoo done in college and it showed up in some of our wedding photos. My husband was cool, but I wanted our wedding photo to be proper I got DIRT Masters to clean that up. Good thing, the makeover left the skin tone intact.

World War II – The Foo Fighters

Foo Fighters was the name used for numerous unexplained phenomena in WW II, as well as being used in a derogatory sense. Some pilots over Europe called them “Kraut balls”. In the Pacific Theater, it was how some pilots referred to the Japanese fliers who were infamous for their erratic flying. Foo fighters is the name given by the scientists and historians to the general body of spherical, circular, disc-like, or wedged shaped “bogies”, sometimes seeming to glow, shine, or reflect a high degree of illumination seen mostly by World War II pilots or flight crews.

They usually paralleled or followed aircraft and were seen by aviators on all sides of the action, being reported by American, British, German and Japanese crews. No Foo Fighter was known or reported to have made or attempted any sort of contact, interaction or attack. They were known, however, for their high rate of speed and agility, being much faster than any known aircraft at the time as well as being extremely maneuverable, often exhibiting highly unconventional abilities such as instantaneous acceleration and deceleration, rapid climbing and descent and hovering in place.

In today’s world a Foo Fighter would be called a UFO, an Unidentified Flying Object, of which, by all accounts, Foo Fighters were. Some descriptions such as “glowing balls of light” or “spherical fire” do not fit the conventional image of UFOs, but the disc and wedge shaped objects do — as does the unconventional maneuverability. Both those aspects, disc or wedge shape and unconventional maneuverability, have been attributed to many UFO or Flying Saucer accounts, but most especially so to one of the most high profile ones, the so-called Roswell UFO. Here an object of unknown nature broke up over the barren ranchland near Roswell, New Mexico, late one night in July 1947.

Although the Roswell Incident was originally reported in the local paper within a few days of the crash by the local paper as being a flying saucer or a flying disc, the main body of the object was reported by some eyewitnesses as being wedge or delta shaped. W.C. Holden, an archaeologist, reportedly stumbled across the downed craft early in the morning following the crash. He was one of the first to see it and described it as “as looking like a crashed airplane without wings with a flat fuselage” with some reports implying the fuselage had a definite delta or wedge shape to it. It must be stated in contrast, however, that another archaeologist, known as Cactus Jack Campbell, while he did not have the reputation of Holden— but who had nevertheless seen the aerial apparitions called Foo Fighters during World War II first hand himself — reported being “out there when the spaceship came down” and seeing a “round object but not real big”. What became known as Foo Fighters were reported by the British as early as September 1941, with regular sightings by all sides continuing, except for a several month lull in 1943, throughout the war.

On the U.S. side, although sightings occurred periodically before the deployment of P-61 Black Widows in Europe, it was the P-61 nightfighter pilots that were among the first American military men to regularly report seeing Foo Fighters, saying “unknown objects” followed or paralleled their planes and glowed in the dark. It is said the night fighters shot at them a few times, but the fire was never returned. It is also thought it was the pilots of the Black Widows that finally gave the UFOs the nickname that stuck: “Foo-Fighters”, a term picked up from the then popular Smokey Stover comic strip. Interestingly enough, with all the sightings and reports and all the gun cameras and high altitude photographs, no truly good pictures of Foo Fighters from the period have surfaced. A widely circulated photo showing what is alleged to be both a wedge-shaped and spherical-shaped Foo Fighter together with two Japanese planes is perhaps the most often depicted when citing Foo Fighters.

The photo, from the 1975 photo-history by the Italians, G. De Turris and S. Fusco, “Obiettivo sugli UFO”, has both its supporters and detractors. If the picture was taken by Japanese photographers, which it surely must have been, it would seem, except for a quest for truth, they would have no vested interest in continuing or falsely perpetrating a myth. Not all aerial objects otherwise left unidentified in World War II were Foo Fighters or unexplained phenomenons such as Green Fireballs. Nor were they necessarily small in size either. Some were downright gigantic. The most infamous was an object seen by literally thousands of people along the coast of California barely three months into the war.

The UFO over Los Angeles is mostly forgotten now, but during the early morning hours of February 25, 1942 the whole city and surrounding communities were in an uproar as thousands of rounds of anti aircraft shells were expended to pull down whatever it was out of the sky that night. The slow moving object, said to be as big or bigger than a Zeppelin, was caught in the glare of the searchlights from Santa Monica to Long Beach and seemed impervious to the constant barrage of shells. It eventually disappeared out over the Pacific after cruising along the coast and cutting inland for a while. The huge object was never clearly explained and was basically hushed up without response from the authorities.

During World War I, on the night of January 19, 1915 two German navy Zeppelins carried out the first successful bombing run against British soil. One year later, although not exactly a Foo Fighter in the World War II classical sense, the first sighting of a UFO from a powered aircraft ever as well as the first firing on a UFO from the air occurred over England.

David Clarke and Andy Roberts write in their book “OUT OF THE SHADOWS: UFOs, the Establishment and the Official Cover-up” (London: Piatkus, 2002), that early in January 1916 at the fighter aerodrome at Rochford in Essex outside London, around 8:45 PM, Flight Sub-Lieutenant J.E. Morgan arose for an anti-Zeppelin patrol in his BE2c fighter. When Morgan reached 5,000 feet he saw a little above and slightly ahead to the right about 100 feet away what he described as “a row of what appeared to be lighted windows which looked something like a railway carriage with the blinds drawn”.

Believing that he had flown directly into the path of an oncoming Zeppelin in the act of preparing to attack London, Morgan drew his service pistol and fired several times in the direction of the “railway carriage”. Immediately, “the lights alongside rose rapidly” and disappeared into the night sky, so rapidly in fact that Morgan believed his own aircraft had gone into a dive. Overcorrecting his actually not out of control aircraft he crashed into Thameshaven Marshes.

There were also foo fighter reports in the Pacific Theater of war. A nighttime sighting from September, 1941 in the Indian Ocean was similar to some later Foo Fighter reports. From the deck of the S.S. Pulaski, (a Polish merchant vessel transporting British troops), two sailors reported a “strange globe glowing with greenish light, about half the size of the full moon as it appears to us”. They alerted a British officer, who watched the object’s movements with them for over an hour.

On February 28, 1942, just prior to its participation in the Battle of the Java Sea the USS Houston reportedly saw a large number of strange, unexplained yellow flares and lights which illuminated the sea for miles around.

A report was made from the Solomon Islands in 1942 by a US Marine, Corp. S.J. Brickner. Following an air raid alarm, Brickner and others witnessed about 150 objects grouped in lines of 10 or 12 objects each. Seeming to “wobble” as they moved, Brickner reported that the objects resembled polished silver and seemed to move a little faster than common Japanese aircraft. He described the sighting, saying “All in all, it was the most awe-inspiring and yet frightening spectacle I have seen in my life”.

Michael Russel